Pengenalan Teknologi Penyediaan Bibit Berkualitas Multi Entris Untuk Percepatan Perolehan Produksi Tinggi Tanaman Jarak Pagar Dalam Rangka Pengembangan Desa Mandiri Energi Ramah Lingkungan

Bambang Budi Santoso, I Gst. Md. Arya Parwata, I Nym. Soemeinaboedhy

Abstract


Jatropha plants in the Amor-Amor area, North Lombok Regency, West Nusa Tenggara have long been growing and developing as land boundaries, yards, and village roads, but are not used as alternative energy sources, then they do not provide results or income. This is due to limited ability to apply technology for create more profitable. On the other side, utilization of irrigation facilities that have been provided in the form of bore-wells is very rarely used in connection with expensive operational costs, especially on fuel components. Extension activities and demonstrations in the provision of multi-entry Jatropha seedlings with the aim of increasing the knowledge of farmer group members for better implementation Jatropha cultivation technology. The results show that the counseling and demonstration provided was quite capable of arousing interest and the need for farmers to adopt introduced technology. Members of the Telaga Valley Farmers Group were at the trying stage and if assistance is continued, farmers will reach the adoption phase, therefore it takes a long time for technology transformation to form an Energy Independent Village

Keywords


cultivation, demonstration, counseling, bore-wells

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bembridge, T. 1991, Practical Guidelines For Agricultural Extension Workers, A Field Manual, Development Bank of Southern Africa, Halfway House.

Freire, P. 1982, Creating Alternative Research Methods, in Creating Knowledge: A Monopoly? Participatory Research in Development, Participatory Research Series No. 1, pp. 29-37.

Hall, C.M. 1992, Women and Empowerment: Strategies for Increasing Autonomy, Hemisphere Publishing Corporation, Washington.

Kindervatter, S. 1979. Non-formal Education as an Empowering Process With Case Studies from Indonesia and Thailand, Center for International Education, University of Massachusetts, Massachusetts.

Kolb, D.A. 1984, Experiential Learning: Experience as A Source of Learning and Development, Prentice Hall, New York.

Lewin, K. 1958. Group Cohesion and Social Change, in Readings in Social Psychology, ed. E.E. Macoby, T.M. Newcomb and E.L. Hartley, Holt, New York

Lord, J. & Hutchison, P. 1993, The process of Empowerment: Implications for Theory and Practice', Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 5-22.

Parwata IGMA dan BB. Santoso, 2013. Percepatan perolehan hasil tinggi melalui top working tanaman jarak pagar (Jatropha curcas L.) di lahan kering. Laporan Penelitian Hibah Bersaing. Universitas Mataram, Mataram. 38h.

Putman, A. O. 1991. Empowerment: In Search of a Viable Paradigm, Performance Improvement Quarterly, vol. 4, i. 4, pp. 4-11.

Rappaport, J. 1984, Studies in Empowerment: Introduction to the Issue, Prevention in Human Services, vol. 3, pp. 1-7.

Raven, B. H. & Rubin, J. Z. 1976, Social Psychology: People in Groups, Wiley, New York.

Riger, S. 1993. What’s Wrong With Empowerment, American Journal of Community Psychology, vol. 21, i. 3, pp. 279-292.

Rogers, E. M. 1983. Diffusion of Innovations, Free Press, New York

Santoso, BB., Hariyadi, BS Purwoko. 2007. Tinjauan agro-morfologi perkecambahan biji jarak pagar (Jatropha curcas L.). J. Penelitian Universitas Mataram. Edisi Sain dan Teknologi. Vol.2 No.2. Agustus 2007.

Santoso, BB., BS Purwoko. 2008a. Pertumbuhan bibit tanaman jarak pagar (jatropha curcas l.) pada berbagai kedalaman dan posisi tanam benih. Bull. Agron. Vol.XXXVI. No.1.p:70-77.

Santoso, BB., BS Purwoko. 2008b. Teknik pembibitan tanaman jarak pagar (Jatropha curcas L.). Jurnal Ilmiah Budidaya Pertanian - UNRAM, Crop Agro. Vol.1. No.2. p:77-84.

Santoso, B.B. 2009. Pembiakan Vegetatif dalam Hortikultura. Penerbit UNRAM Press. 169h.

Santoso, BB., Parwata, IGMA. 2014. Grafting-teknik meningkatkan produksi tanaman jarak pagar (Jatropha curcas L.). FKIP Unram-Arga Puji Press, Mataram,Lombok. 76h.

Staples, L. H. 1990. Powerful Ideas About Empowerment, Administration in Social Work, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 29-42.

Suadnya, I.W. Muktasam, A. Saptati, A. Martindah, E. 2008. Pemberdayaan Peternak Sapi Dalam Rangka Peningkatan Produksi Daging : Sebuah Aplikasi Pendekatan Participatory Action Research di Pulau Lombok NTB. Laporan Hasil Penelitian.

Wiesenhutter, J. 2003. Use of Physic Nut (Jatropha curcas L.) to Combat Desertification and Reduce Poverty. Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technsche Zusammenarbeit (GTZ). Convention Project to Combat Desertification (CCD Project). www.gtz.de/desert [September 2005].

Zimmerman, M. A. 1995. Psychological Empowerment: Issues and Illustration, American Journal of Community Psychology, vol. 23, pp. 581-99.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.29303/jgn.v1i1.7

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Jurnal Gema Ngabdi

P-ISSN: 2656-6516, E-ISSN: 2656-8098

Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat

UNIVERSITAS MATARAM